Nutrition

 

Food Intolerances

Food Intolerances

 

What is an intolerance?

An intolerance refers to your digestive system and how well it can digest certain foods. If you are intolerant to a certain food it may irritate the digestive system. An intolerance may have similar symptoms to a food allergy, however, they are not the same. When you are intolerant to a certain food, symptoms usually begin within a few hours of eating it.

 

However, symptoms can be delayed by up to 48 hours and last for hours or possibly days, which makes it very hard to pinpoint the offending food. On the other hand, you may not even notice the symptoms, or if you are frequently consuming the foods which you are intolerant to, it may be hard to associate the symptoms to the specific food.

 

Food Intolerance Symptoms

 

While symptoms of food intolerances vary from person to person, they mainly involve the digestive system, skin and respiratory system. Common symptoms include:

  • Nausea
  • Gas
  • Bloating
  • Cramps
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Irritability
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • A runny nose
  • Flushing of the skin
  • Rashes

 

What’s the difference between an intolerance and an allergy?

 

A food allergy occurs when there is a reaction from the body’s immune system, as it sees the food as an attack. This will then cause an allergic reaction, which in return the immune system will release chemicals like histamine. This can cause a variety of symptoms from mild reactions to life-threatening situations. In comparison, food intolerance symptoms are generally less serious and are often only cause discomfort.

 

Symptoms of a food allergy include breathing problems, throat tightness, coughing, abdominal pain, vomiting, hives, swelling or lowered blood pressure.

 

What foods are people most likely to be intolerant too?

 

1) Lactose (Dairy)

Many people are lactose intolerant, making it one of the most common food sensitivities. Lactose is a sugar, which is found in milk and dairy products. It is broken down by an enzyme called lactase, which is necessary for the lactose to be digested and absorbed properly. Being lactose intolerant is caused by a shortage of lactase enzymes, as a result, it can no longer be digested properly and can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhoea and nausea.

 

2) Gluten

There are several conditions related to gluten, these include celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Gluten refers to the proteins which are found in wheat, rye and barley. If you are intolerant to gluten you can experience symptoms such as: bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhoea or constipation, headaches, fatigue and skin rashes. Because gluten is common in many foods, it can be difficult to avoid as it is found in bread, pasta, cereals, beer, baked goods, sauces, dressing, gravies and especially soy sauce.

Celiac disease involves the immune system. If gluten is eaten the immune system attacks the small intestine, which can cause serious harm to the digestive system. They have similar symptoms to gluten intolerances.

 

3) Caffeine

Many people have an intolerance to caffeine. It is found in many beverages like coffee, tea, fizzy drinks and energy drinks. Caffeine is a stimulant, which means it reduces fatigue and increases alertness.  This happens by blocking the receptors for adenosine which is a neurotransmitter that regulates the sleep-wake cycle.

 

Most adults are able to consume 400mg of caffeine a day safely without any side effects, this is about 4 cups of coffee. However, some people are more sensitive to caffeine and can experience symptoms even after consuming a small amount. These symptoms can include, increased heartbeat, anxiety, jitters, insomnia, nervousness and restlessness.

 

4) Alcohol

After consuming alcohol it is fairly common to experience allergy symptoms (not just hangover symptoms)! This can happen when your body is reacting to a particular type of alcohol. For example, those with an intolerance to gluten may not be able to drink beer without similar reactions when eating gluten. Other ingredients in alcohol which can cause issues include histamine, yeast, flavourings and other additives.

 

5) Eggs

If you are intolerant to eggs, you may not be able to handle the egg white, or the yolk or both. It’s important to remember that chickens are fed a soy-based diet, so, therefore, you may be sensitive to soy, rather than eggs. Choosing eggs from grass-fed, free range and organic animals can help you determine which element you are sensitive to. Eggs are found in baked goods, pasta, mayonnaise, ice cream and some bread. If you do suffer symptoms, tofu, flax seeds, bananas and yoghurt make great egg alternatives.

Will removing food intolerances help my training?

Yes! As written above, there are many symptoms which could be affecting your training. By removing these foods your sleep patterns may improve and also energy levels. You may also see improvements in skin health, mental clarity and improved performance in and out of the gym. It’ll also increase your ability to reduce body fat as you’ll have the energy to complete each workout. With bloating, fatigue, brain fog and indigestion now not occurring on a daily basis, you’ll not be forced to skip a workout as the food intolerance has been removed.

 

Food intolerances differ from allergies. Although intolerances are usually less serious than food allergies, it is important to take the steps to identify food intolerances in order to prevent unwanted symptoms and health issues. You can begin by using the elimination diet or look out for our blog next week all about Life Lab Tests.

 

** If you are experiencing any severe symptoms we advise you to consult your GP**

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Beat Your Sugar Cravings!

8 Healthier Alternatives

Sugar cravings can take over as soon as they hit, it is important to be prepared so therefore you have healthier alternatives to eat instead. If you plan ahead then you will not be tempted to grab the first chocolate bar you see.

If you were to grab a 53 gram Mars Bar it contains 244 calories. To burn all of those calories, you’d have to walk for almost two hours to use up all of the chocolate fuel! By eating naturally sweet food, not only will you cut down on the processed carbs and sugars,  you’ll also be eating vitamins and minerals which will help your body to function and will not cause a spike in your insulin levels.

Pursuit Fitness Training has put together our top 10 healthy alternatives to avoid eating those empty calories.

 

1. Popcorn

A small bowl of homemade popcorn is perfect for when those sweet and salty cravings hit. Try adding a pinch of salt or a dusting of cinnamon or cocoa powder. Popcorn is low in calories (around 30 kcals per cup) and is also high in fibre.

 

2. Fresh Fruit

Fruit is naturally high in sugar so is perfect to fill those sugar cravings. It is definitely the healthiest choice and you’ll get added nutrients and fibre into your diet too.

 

3. Dark Chocolate

Always opt for 70% or more cacao as it can be a healthy treat in moderation. Dark chocolate is packed with antioxidants and it can help to regulate the stress hormone. By sticking to dark chocolate you’ll be avoiding all the added fat and sugar which is present in milk chocolate.

 

4. Banana Ice Cream

This is the perfect after-dinner treat with only one-ingredient! Simply cut bananas and place them into the freezer. Once frozen, blitz them so they become creamy and voila!

 

5. Chocolate Covered Strawberry

Dip strawberries into melted chocolate and leave in the fridge until the chocolate hardens. This treat will not leave you uncomfortably full or sluggish and is perfect for those sugar cravings.

 

6. Yogurt Parfait

Yogurt is an excellent source of calcium, protein, zinc, potassium, and vitamins B6 & B12. Add a choice of toppings from granola, nuts, and fruit is great for a healthy sweet snack.

 

7. Smoothies

Smoothies are great for filling those cravings, simply blitz fruit and enjoy. They are great for a breakfast alternative, or a snack or dessert. By adding avocados it’s a great way of adding vitamins and nutrients like antioxidants, vitamin B & potassium into your diet. You can also add Chia seeds to thicken the mixture, but they also add a good amount of fibre, healthy fats and protein.

 

8. Trail Mix

This snack is one of our favourites, by eating a mix of nuts like almonds and pistachios which some dried fruit like cranberries or cherries makes a great snack which excellent nutritional value too.

 

By swapping to these healthier alternatives, they’ll soon become a part of your daily routine. Therefore, you will not crave a cheat meal which will help you stay on track with your training and goals. We are always looking for easier behaviours which can easily be implemented to everyone’s lifestyles to ensure everyone can lead a healthy life.

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Happy Healthy Pancake Day!

 Healthy Pancake Recipe

 

Pancake day has arrived! Possibly one of the best days of the year! However, 2 pancakes with butter and syrup contains 520 calories which makes it is not so good for those waistlines! Don’t let Shrove Tuesday derail your nutrition goals for the week. Pursuit Fitness Training is here to guide, support and encourage you to opt for those healthier options, whilst not missing out on all the fun. Try our healthy alternative below.

 

1 Serving contains 283 calories, 13.5 grams of protein, 42.6 grams of carbohydrates and 7.6 grams of fat (before toppings).

 

This recipe is great for the whole family including being a huge hit with the kids!  By opting for healthier toppings you are also avoiding many processed and added sugars in return for boosting vitamins, minerals and antioxidants! For extra protein, you can also add chia seeds which will add to the texture or use Whey Protein powder instead. This breakfast favorite works equally well for deserts too.

 

Prep Time: 5 Minutes – Cooking Time: 5 Minutes – Servings: 2 (Small)

Ingredients:

This will make 5 pancakes:

  • 1 Medium Banana,
  • 2 Large Eggs,
  • 75g of Oats,
  • ¼ Tsp of Cinnamon (to taste).

 

Method

  1. Begin by mashing the banana in a bowl with a fork,
  2. Crack two eggs in a separate bowl and whisk,
  3. Add the eggs and oats (blitz in a blender if you’d like a smoother texture), cinnamon and mix all the ingredients together.
  4. Add coconut oil or cooking spray to a pan on a medium heat,
  5. Spoon 4 lots of mixture so that the mix spreads to about 4 inches in diameter,
  6. Cook until lightly golden and flip to cook the other side.
  7. Serve with fresh berries and a small drizzle of honey, maple syrup or greek yogurt for a creamier finish.
  8. And Voila!

 

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I can’t run ……or can I? 10 tips for a successful start to running

OK, so you really want to add a bit of cardio into your fitness routine & running is the most straightforward right? Right! But somehow there’s something stopping you getting out there?

 

Try thinking about it this way & you’ll soon be flying!

 

(more…)

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